According to the heavy industrial environment for the automotive organization in Egypt , and the economic issues to make full automated production line, the Japanese especially started to focus on some jobs and replace it with Robots, and start to work in initiatives and project to make those replacements such as the paint and body section in the assembly lines. The robots and automated systems make a lot of workers think that they will eat their jobs
But we have to start to focus globally first and on the macroeconomic:
The arguments examine the extensive economic literature on the relationship between employment and productivity and explains the logic of how higher productivity leads to more jobs. We show that more technology benefits, not just the economy overall, but also workers: more and better technology is essential for competitiveness and higher living standards. The claim that increased productivity eliminates jobs is misguided speculation.
Believe in the relation between Automation or Technology and the unemployment:
Technology is enabling the same amount of work to be done with fewer people and doesn’t lead to a dynamic where these people become re-employed doing other work. In other words, they believe that the jobs are gone and the workers are added to the unemployment rolls.
The savings from increased productivity are recycled back into the economy to create the demand that in turn creates jobs.
Our economy is complex with a broad range of industries and occupations, some amenable at a particular time to automation, most others that are not.Another is that technological change, no matter how advanced, does not happen overnight
Other consideration may affect in automation use in many industries as industry nature and complexity and industry nature (safety and work environment), labor cost which affected by labor supply and demand and also legal liabilities which enforced by national regulations.
Robots and automation (Red) VS unemployment (Blue)
The statistics mainly show a reduction in employment in manufacturing in the developed countries, often a small reduction. It coincides with an increase in output and an increase in robotics use, except in the case of Japan.
The extra number that has gained employment in the years 2000 to 2011 is far greater than the small numbers losing their jobs in manufacturing.
The robot industry itself generates 170,000 to 190,000 jobs worldwide, to which can be added the support staff and operators.
Employment indirectly due to the use of robotics
A much larger source of employment, at least partly due to robotics, is the newly created downstream activity necessary to support manufacturing which can only be done by robots.
Displacement and re-employment
Where automation displaces people in manufacturing it almost always increases Output, in some cases it allows such an increase in production and related decrease in unit price, that it creates a whole new market and generates the need for downstream jobs to get the product to the consumer.
Factors effect in using automation and robots:
- Health, safety [H&S] and environment
The increasing attention to these factors adds impetus to the employment of robotics in hazardous environments.
According to the International Labor Organization (ILO), 270 million workers fall victim to occupational injuries and illnesses, leading to 2.3 million deaths annually, showing that the problem is significant.
These are typically new industries made possible by robotics, where accuracy and consistency cannot be achieved without robotics, but parts of the traditional industry, notably motor vehicle manufacture, require robots to achieve international standards.
3. Labor cost and legal liability:
According to the national regulations and the demand and supply in the labor market increase risk or stress in the organization to employee employees in some jobs according to their cost or the limitation set by the national regulations.
Nothing to Fear From Robots
Robots can help immediately in the transition to lean efficiency and cost-reductions. Perhaps ahead of his time, Robots are a force for positive change in society.
by Mostafa Ramadan on September 1, 2017
Take Answers Expert - HR Manager